We bring you the latest news from the healthcare about the health care in the United Kingdom.

woensdag 17 oktober 2018

The Lancet: [Comment] Treatment of bacterial vaginosis to prevent preterm birth

[Comment] Treatment of bacterial vaginosis to prevent preterm birth
Preterm birth—the birth of an infant after less than 37 weeks' gestation—is the most common cause of neonatal mortality and the second most common cause of death in children younger than 5 years, worldwide.1 Chorioamnionitis is a cause of preterm birth, and bacterial cultures of the chorioamnionitic membranes are often positive for vaginal organisms, particularly those associated with bacterial vaginosis.2 Bacterial vaginosis is a common dysbiosis of vaginal bacteria, characterised by diverse, predominantly anaerobic bacteria and relatively low numbers of Lactobacillus species.
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[Correspondence] Drinkaware: unequivocally committed to reducing alcohol harm
In September, 2018, Drinkaware, jointly with Public Health England (PHE), announced the launch of a campaign to promote the benefits of drink-free days especially to people drinking in excess of the Chief Medical Officers' low-risk drinking guidelines.
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[Department of Error] Department of Error
The Lancet. Are Brazilian elections healthy without a plan for UHC? Lancet 2018; 392: 1280—The margin link of this Editorial erroneously indicated that the links led to a translation of the Editorial in English. This link now reads: "Para ler este Editorial em PortuguĂȘs veja page e11". This correction has been made to the online version as of Oct 15, 2018.
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[Articles] Forecasting life expectancy, years of life lost, and all-cause and cause-specific mortality for 250 causes of death: reference and alternative scenarios for 2016–40 for 195 countries and territories
With the present study, we provide a robust, flexible forecasting platform from which reference forecasts and alternative health scenarios can be explored in relation to a wide range of independent drivers of health. Our reference forecast points to overall improvements through 2040 in most countries, yet the range found across better and worse health scenarios renders a precarious vision of the future—a world with accelerating progress from technical innovation but with the potential for worsening health outcomes in the absence of deliberate policy action.
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[Comment] Major strides in forecasting future health
Around 2008, I asked demography colleagues: "Surely we could better forecast future mortality rates if we first forecast future risk factor trends—like smoking rates?" Their answer then was no—simply using historical mortality rates to forecast future mortality rates was better than any attempt to build in forecast trends for smoking, blood pressure, and other risk factors that are in turn all mathematically linked to likely mortality rates. That was then. Now in The Lancet, Kyle Foreman and colleagues1 forecast mortality rates and years of life lost for 250 causes of death to the year 2040.
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