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Nature Materials contents: October 2018 Volume 17 Number 10

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Nature Materials

Meet the shortlist!

The shortlist for this year's Nature Research Awards for Inspiring Science and Innovating Science has been announced. These Awards showcase exceptional achievements of leading women in science and of those who have encouraged girls and women to engage with STEM subjects.

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October 2018 Volume 17, Issue 10

News & Views
Amendments & Corrections
The holistic approach to catalyzing change 

Jorge Gascon is leading a revolution in catalysis to develop sustainable solutions for the world's increasing demand for energy and resources. 

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Across the Universe    p845



Materials for space exploration and settlement    pp846 - 850
Tommaso Ghidini

News & Views


A missing step is a key step    pp851 - 852
Fan Zhang & Wei Pan

Slippery in every direction    pp852 - 854
J. G. Vilhena & Rubén Pérez

Moonage daydreams of space rock    p854
Philip Ball

Orbital-selective metals    pp855 - 856
Massimo Capone

Shedding light on black titania    pp856 - 857
Vassiliki-Alexandra Glezakou & Roger Rousseau

Diamond sculpting pushes extremes    pp858 - 859
Malcolm McMahon

Nature Materials
The 7th Global Conference on Materials Science and Engineering (CMSE2018)
Xi'an, China
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Materials challenges for the Starshot lightsail    pp861 - 867
Harry A. Atwater, Artur R. Davoyan, Ognjen Ilic, Deep Jariwala, Michelle C. Sherrott et al.

This Perspective explores the optical, mechanical and thermal properties required to successfully design an ultralight spacecraft that can reach Proxima Centauri b, which is the goal of the Starshot Breakthrough Initiative.




Imaging orbital-selective quasiparticles in the Hund’s metal state of FeSe    pp869 - 874
A. Kostin, P. O. Sprau, A. Kreisel, Yi Xue Chong, A. E. Böhmer et al.

Orbital-selective quasiparticle interference is imaged in the Hund’s metal parent state of iron-based superconductivity.


4π-periodic Andreev bound states in a Dirac semimetal    pp875 - 880
Chuan Li, Jorrit C. de Boer, Bob de Ronde, Shyama V. Ramankutty, Erik van Heumen et al.

Superconductivity is induced in an accidental Dirac semimetal via the proximity effect.


The mechanism of the ultrafast crystal growth of pure metals from their melts    pp881 - 886
Gang Sun, Jenny Xu & Peter Harrowell

Molecular dynamic simulations reveal that the rapid crystal growth in pure metals is governed by a barrierless ordering process, correlating to the inherent crystalline structure in the liquid at the growth interface.


Decoupling the role of stress and corrosion in the intergranular cracking of noble-metal alloys    pp887 - 893
N. Badwe, X. Chen, D. K. Schreiber, M. J. Olszta, N. R. Overman et al.

The model alloy of Au–Ag is studied to decouple the role of stress and corrosion in intergranular cracking caused by metal dissolution. Nanoporous corrosion layers can mechanically inject a crack into grain boundaries of the parent phase.


Robust microscale superlubricity in graphite/hexagonal boron nitride layered heterojunctions    pp894 - 899
Yiming Song, Davide Mandelli, Oded Hod, Michael Urbakh, Ming Ma et al.

Robust structural superlubricity is experimentally realized in microscale monocrystalline graphite/hBN heterojunctions. The friction anisotropy upon crystal reorientation is orders of magnitude smaller than that of homogeneous graphite contacts.


Compositional and orientational control in metal halide perovskites of reduced dimensionality    pp900 - 907
Rafael Quintero-Bermudez, Aryeh Gold-Parker, Andrew H. Proppe, Rahim Munir, Zhenyu Yang et al.

A systematic analysis is performed to reveal how deposition conditions and the use of cations and solvents affect the composition and orientation of 2D and quasi-2D metal halide perovskites in thin films.


Molecularly thin two-dimensional hybrid perovskites with tunable optoelectronic properties due to reversible surface relaxation    pp908 - 914
Kai Leng, Ibrahim Abdelwahab, Ivan Verzhbitskiy, Mykola Telychko, Leiqiang Chu et al.

Reversible structural surface relaxation under laser exposure is observed for monolayers of 2D metal halide perovskites. These structural changes also induce reversible shifts in the photoluminescence peaks of these materials.


Fluid-enhanced surface diffusion controls intraparticle phase transformations    pp915 - 922
Yiyang Li, Hungru Chen, Kipil Lim, Haitao D. Deng, Jongwoo Lim et al.

Phase transformations driven by compositional change require mass flux across a phase boundary. Lithium migration in LiXFePO4 along the solid/liquid interface now suggests that surface diffusion contributes to tuning phase transformation in anisotropic solids.


Structural evolution of titanium dioxide during reduction in high-pressure hydrogen    pp923 - 928
Sencer Selcuk, Xunhua Zhao & Annabella Selloni

The nature of structural disorder in photocatalytic black TiO2 is not known. Here, using simulations, it is shown that water formation drives surface reduction, with slowly migrating oxygen vacancies at the {001} facets resulting in the nucleation of disorder.


A multicaloric cooling cycle that exploits thermal hysteresis    pp929 - 934
Tino Gottschall, Adrià Gràcia-Condal, Maximilian Fries, Andreas Taubel, Lukas Pfeuffer et al.

Magnetocaloric effects can be used for refrigeration, but application uptake is limited due to large amounts of magnetic material used. Here, a cooling cycle is shown that uses thermal hysteresis, significantly reducing magnetic material quantity.


Ultrafast water harvesting and transport in hierarchical microchannels    pp935 - 942
Huawei Chen, Tong Ran, Yang Gan, Jiajia Zhou, Yi Zhang et al.

Ultrafast water transport in the surface of Sarracenia trichome is reported and demonstrated in synthetic bioinspired materials, where nano- and microchannels induce high-speed sliding of droplets on top of a thin water film.


Amendments & Corrections


Publisher Correction: The role of reticular chemistry in the design of CO2 reduction catalysts    p943
Christian S. Diercks, Yuzhong Liu, Kyle E. Cordova & Omar M. Yaghi

Publisher Correction: Materials challenges for the Starshot lightsail    p943
Harry A. Atwater, Artur R. Davoyan, Ognjen Ilic, Deep Jariwala, Michelle C. Sherrott et al.

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