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Nature Reviews Microbiology contents May 2018 Volume 16 Number 5 pp 257-328

Nature Reviews Microbiology

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May 2018 Volume 16 Number 5
Nature Reviews Microbiology cover
2016 2-year Impact Factor 26.819 Journal Metrics 2-year Median 18
In this issue
Research Highlights
News and Analysis
Focus on: Microbial Biogeochemistry
Also this month
 Featured article:
The microbial nitrogen-cycling network
Marcel M. M. Kuypers, Hannah K. Marchant & Boran Kartal


Recommend to library
Planet of the microorganisms
p257 | doi:10.1038/nrmicro.2018.38
This Focus issue on biogeochemistry highlights the metabolic versatility in microbial communities and the significance of microbial contributions to the flow of elements in Earth's biogeochemical cycles.
Full Text | PDF


Environmental microbiology: Marine biogeochemical cycles in a changing world
p259 | doi:10.1038/nrmicro.2018.40
Two new studies highlight the potential impact of climate change on microbial biogeochemical cycles.

Environmental microbiology: New diversity in the sulfur cycle
p260 | doi:10.1038/nrmicro.2018.32
Two new studies explore the diverse microorganisms and their enzymes that contribute to the global sulfur cycle.

Marine microbiology: Carbon export into the deep ocean
p260 | doi:10.1038/nrmicro.2018.37
Infection of E. huxleyi by coccolithoviruses facilitates downward vertical flux of both particulate organic and inorganic carbon, thus enhancing the efficiency of carbon export into the deep ocean.

Lassa fever outbreak in Nigeria

p260 | doi:10.1038/nrmicro.2018.39



Environmental microbiology: Soil surface communities bite the dust | Microbiome: Viral hormones activate human insulin signalling | Archaeal physiology: Alien methanogens on Saturn's moon?

Nature Reviews Microbiology
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Breaking the code of antibiotic resistance
Stephanie W. Lo, Narender Kumar & Nicole E. Wheeler

p262 | doi:10.1038/nrmicro.2018.33
This month's Genome Watch highlights how a better understanding of genotype-phenotype correlation may lead to the design of new diagnostic tests for antimicrobial resistance in clinical settings.
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  Focus on: Microbial Biogeochemistry
The microbial nitrogen-cycling network
Marcel M. M. Kuypers, Hannah K. Marchant & Boran Kartal

p263 | doi:10.1038/nrmicro.2018.9
Nitrogen-transforming microorganisms shape global biogeochemical nutrient cycles. In this Review, Kuypers, Marchant and Kartal explore the vast diversity of these microorganisms and their enzymes, highlighting novel pathways, and discuss how nitrogen-transforming microorganisms form complex nitrogen-cycling networks in different environments.
Abstract | Full Text | PDF

Bacterial microcompartments
Cheryl A. Kerfeld, Clement Aussignargues, Jan Zarzycki, Fei Cai & Markus Sutter

p277 | doi:10.1038/nrmicro.2018.10
Bacterial microcompartments are self-assembling organelles that consist of an enzymatic core that is encapsulated by a selectively permeable protein shell. In this Review, Kerfeld and colleagues discuss recent insights into the structure, assembly, diversity and function of bacterial microcompartments.
Abstract | Full Text | PDF

Rhizobia: from saprophytes to endosymbionts
Philip Poole, Vinoy Ramachandran & Jason Terpolilli

p291 | doi:10.1038/nrmicro.2017.171
Rhizobia can exist as both free-living soil microbiota and plant-associated endosymbionts, which form N2-fixing root nodules. In this Review, Poole, Ramachandran and Terpolilli explore the drastic lifestyle shift that underlies this transition and the associated plant-bacteria interactions.
Abstract | Full Text | PDF

Hopanoid lipids: from membranes to plant-bacteria interactions
Brittany J. Belin, Nicolas Busset, Eric Giraud, Antonio Molinaro, Alba Silipo & Dianne K. Newman

p304 | doi:10.1038/nrmicro.2017.173
Hopanoid lipids are structurally and functionally related to sterols, which are important building blocks of membranes. In this Review, Newman, Silipo and colleagues explore the diversity of bacterial hopanoids and their roles in stress adaptation and plant symbiosis.
Abstract | Full Text | PDF

Pseudomonas syringae: what it takes to be a pathogen
Xiu-Fang Xin, Brian Kvitko & Sheng Yang He

p316 | doi:10.1038/nrmicro.2018.17
Pseudomonas syringae uses a multitude of virulence factors to infect plants. In this Review, Xin and colleagues highlight key virulence strategies — immune suppression and water soaking — that allow this bacterium to become a successful pathogen under the right environmental conditions.
Abstract | Full Text | PDF

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