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Nature Climate Change Contents: March 2018 Volume 8 Number 3

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Nature Climate Change

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Taming the Sun: Innovations to Harness Solar Energy and Power the Planet 

"Varun Sivaram takes us inside the world of alternative energy innovation. He's an optimist, but a realistic one: he knows time is running short for the public and private sectors to join forces. Taming the Sun is a must-read look into the limitless potential of an energy source as timeless as the sun that may very well save the earth."
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TABLE OF CONTENTS

March 2018 Volume 8, Issue 3

Editorial
Comment
Books & Arts
Research Highlights
News & Views
Perspectives
Letters
Articles
Amendments & Corrections
 
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KAUST Discovery: Research into clean fuels

Fuel Combustion Chemist Mani Sarathy conducts research on alternative fuels, Sarathy works closely with atmospheric scientists to better grasp the fate of exhaust emissions. The research even looks at utilising artificial intelligence and machine learning to improve combustion processes. 

Read more online >> 

 

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Nature Outlook: Climate Change 

Discover how scientists that are tired of inaction on climate change are seeking technical and political solutions to a truly global problem. 

Access the Outlook free online for six months >>
 
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ForScience.com: Sustainability 

Stay informed on the latest developments in the effort to improve earth's sustainability and much more. Make For Science your free resource for online news articles, research, video and podcast exclusively for the Arabic-speaking audience. 

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Editorial

 

Enhancing reporting standards    p173
doi:10.1038/s41558-018-0109-x

Comment

 

Locking in positive climate responses in cities    pp174 - 177
Diana Ürge-Vorsatz, Cynthia Rosenzweig, Richard J. Dawson, Roberto Sanchez Rodriguez, Xuemei Bai et al.
doi:10.1038/s41558-018-0100-6

City transformations in a 1.5 °C warmer world    pp177 - 181
William Solecki, Cynthia Rosenzweig, Shobhakar Dhakal, Debra Roberts, Aliyu Salisu Barau et al.
doi:10.1038/s41558-018-0101-5

Sustainable Development Goals and climate change adaptation in cities    pp181 - 183
Roberto Sanchez Rodriguez, Diana Ürge-Vorsatz & Aliyu Salisu Barau
doi:10.1038/s41558-018-0098-9

Turning Paris into reality at the University of California    pp183 - 185
David G. Victor, Ahmed Abdulla, David Auston, Wendell Brase, Jack Brouwer et al.
doi:10.1038/s41558-018-0103-3

Books & Arts

 

Time to re-think solutions    pp186 - 187
Janet K. Swim & Ashley J. Gillis
doi:10.1038/s41558-018-0106-0

On our bookshelf    p187
Adam Yeeles
doi:10.1038/s41558-018-0104-2

Research Highlights

 

Winding back the horizon    p188
Alastair Brown
doi:10.1038/s41558-018-0110-4

Agulhas variability    p188
Graham Simpkins
doi:10.1038/s41558-018-0111-3

Mercury multiplied    p188
Bronwyn Wake
doi:10.1038/s41558-018-0112-2

Decreasing ozone    p188
Adam Yeeles
doi:10.1038/s41558-018-0113-1

News & Views

 

Underestimating belief in climate change    pp189 - 190
John T. Jost
doi:10.1038/s41558-018-0082-4

Searching for climate–conflict links    pp190 - 191
Cullen S. Hendrix
doi:10.1038/s41558-018-0083-3

An uncertain future for lightning    pp191 - 192
Lee T. Murray
doi:10.1038/s41558-018-0094-0

Nature Climate Change
JOBS of the week
Asst Professor (tenure-track) - hydrogeology
UBC-Earth, Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences
Department Chair and Professor of Human Ecology
University of California - Davis
Hydrodynamic-Ecosystem Modellers x 2
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Tenure-Track Professor, Material Science & Environmental Chemistry
Lakehead University, Canada
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Ecology & Safety 2018, 27th International Conference
23.06.18
Elenite, Bulgaria
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Perspectives

 

Integrating human behaviour dynamics into flood disaster risk assessment    pp193 - 199
J. C. J. H. Aerts, W. J. Botzen, K. C. Clarke, S. L. Cutter, J. W. Hall et al.
doi:10.1038/s41558-018-0085-1

Flood impact and recovery is influenced by behavioural responses. This Perspective describes how integrating human behaviour and risk perception into flood-risk assessment models may improve identification of effective risk-management strategies.

 

Letters

 

Sampling bias in climate–conflict research    pp200 - 203
Courtland Adams, Tobias Ide, Jon Barnett & Adrien Detges
doi:10.1038/s41558-018-0068-2

A systematic review shows that climate–conflict research tends to focus on a few accessible regions characterized by violent conflict rather than those most vulnerable to climate change, which may inflate the perceived prevalence of links between climate change and violent conflict.

 

Bottom-up linking of carbon markets under far-sighted cap coordination and reversibility    pp204 - 209
Jobst Heitzig & Ulrike Kornek
doi:10.1038/s41558-018-0079-z

Meeting mitigation targets requires domestic action and international cooperation. This study uses game-theoretic modelling to understand carbon-market linkages and to show the conditions that facilitate global coalition formation.

 

A projected decrease in lightning under climate change    pp210 - 213
Declan L. Finney, Ruth M. Doherty, Oliver Wild, David S. Stevenson, Ian A. MacKenzie et al.
doi:10.1038/s41558-018-0072-6

It has been suggested that lightning activity will increase with anthropogenic warming. However, the use of a physically based lightning parameterization—incorporating cloud ice fluxes—reveals global flash rates in 2100 may decrease by 15% under RCP8.5.

 

Increasing importance of precipitation variability on global livestock grazing lands    pp214 - 218
Lindsey L. Sloat, James S. Gerber, Leah H. Samberg, William K. Smith, Mario Herrero et al.
doi:10.1038/s41558-018-0081-5

Satellite measures of vegetation greenness, together with animal stocking data and key climatic factors, reveal interannual precipitation variability to be a significant constraint on global pasture productivity.

 

Mitigation potential of soil carbon management overestimated by neglecting N2O emissions    pp219 - 223
Emanuele Lugato, Adrian Leip & Arwyn Jones
doi:10.1038/s41558-018-0087-z

Agricultural soils can be targeted for carbon (C) sequestration. Research considering C and nitrogen (N) dynamics confirms that significant CO2 mitigation can be achieved, but after 20–30 years N inputs also need controlling to prevent the C sequestration being offset by N2O emissions.

 

A global synthesis of animal phenological responses to climate change    pp224 - 228
Jeremy M. Cohen, Marc J. Lajeunesse & Jason R. Rohr
doi:10.1038/s41558-018-0067-3

A synthesis of animal phenology shows that temperature primarily drives mid-latitude responses, with precipitation important at lower latitudes. Phylogeny and body size are associated with the strength of phenological shifts.

 

Ecological complexity buffers the impacts of future climate on marine consumers    pp229 - 233
Silvan U. Goldenberg, Ivan Nagelkerken, Emma Marangon, Angélique Bonnet, Camilo M. Ferreira et al.
doi:10.1038/s41558-018-0086-0

The complexity of ecosystems could influence how warmer waters and acidification affect marine biota. In this study, whilst individual behaviours were affected by increased CO2, community dynamics buffered the impacts on fish and crustaceans.

 

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Articles

 

Under-estimated wave contribution to coastal sea-level rise    pp234 - 239
Angélique Melet, Benoit Meyssignac, Rafael Almar & Gonéri Le Cozannet
doi:10.1038/s41558-018-0088-y

Large-scale sea-level rise is primarily dominated by thermal expansion and ice melt. However, wave processes are found to significantly influence local sea-level trends at the coast, amplifying or reducing steric and eustatic contributions.

 

Global carbon stocks and potential emissions due to mangrove deforestation from 2000 to 2012    pp240 - 244
Stuart E. Hamilton & Daniel A. Friess
doi:10.1038/s41558-018-0090-4

Annual mangrove carbon stocks are quantified (2000–2012) at global, national and sub-national levels, together with global carbon emissions resulting from deforestation. Two percent of global mangrove carbon was lost between 2000 and 2012.

 

Climate-driven range shifts of the king penguin in a fragmented ecosystem    pp245 - 251
Robin Cristofari, Xiaoming Liu, Francesco Bonadonna, Yves Cherel, Pierre Pistorius et al.
doi:10.1038/s41558-018-0084-2

Ecological niche modelling of king penguins in the Southern Ocean, validated with population genomics and palaeodemography data, is used to reconstruct past range shifts and identify future vulnerable areas and potential refugia under climate change.

 

Anthropogenic range contractions bias species climate change forecasts    pp252 - 256
Søren Faurby & Miguel B. Araújo
doi:10.1038/s41558-018-0089-x

Models of the distribution of North American mammals show that estimated future diversity under climate change is drastically underestimated unless the full historical distribution of species is included in the models.

 

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Amendments & Corrections

 

Author Correction: Global patterns in mangrove soil carbon stocks and losses    p257
Trisha B. Atwood, Rod M. Connolly, Hanan Almahasheer, Paul E. Carnell, Carlos M. Duarte et al.
doi:10.1038/s41558-017-0019-3

Author Correction: In the observational record half a degree matters    p257
Carl-Friedrich Schleussner, Peter Pfleiderer & Erich M. Fischer
doi:10.1038/s41558-017-0055-z

Author Correction: Whither methane in the IPCC process?    p257
Patrick M. Crill & Brett F. Thornton
doi:10.1038/s41558-017-0035-3

Publisher Correction: Measuring progress from nationally determined contributions to mid-century strategies    p258
Gokul Iyer, Catherine Ledna, Leon Clarke, James Edmonds, Haewon McJeon et al.
doi:10.1038/s41558-017-0027-3

Publisher Correction: The price of fast fashion    p258
doi:10.1038/s41558-018-0074-4

Publisher Correction: A global synthesis of animal phenological responses to climate change    p258
Jeremy M. Cohen, Marc J. Lajeunesse & Jason R. Rohr
doi:10.1038/s41558-018-0099-8

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