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donderdag 1 februari 2018

Nature Climate Change Contents: February 2018 Volume 8 Number 2

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Nature Climate Change

February 2018 Volume 8, Issue 2

Research Highlights
News & Views
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Protecting the blue    p91



Best practices for reporting climate data in ecology    pp92 - 94
Naia Morueta-Holme, Meagan F. Oldfather, Rachael L. Olliff-Yang, Andrew P. Weitz, Carrie R. Levine et al.

Research Highlights


Two birds with one stone    p95
Alastair Brown

Preference for extreme outcomes    p95
Jenn Richler

A model revolution    p95
Graham Simpkins

Mainstreaming adaptation    p95
Adam Yeeles

News & Views


Investing in a green future    pp96 - 97
Christa Clapp

Unsteady seasons in the sea    pp97 - 98
Judith Hauck

No blast from the past    pp99 - 100
Matthew J. Bogard & David E. Butman

Nature Climate Change
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University of Michigan, School for Environment and Sustainability (SEAS)
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Challenges and opportunities for improved understanding of regional climate dynamics    pp101 - 108
Matthew Collins, Shoshiro Minobe, Marcelo Barreiro, Simona Bordoni, Yohai Kaspi et al.

The response of storms, blocks and jet streams to external forcing, basin-to-basin and tropical–extratropical interactions, and non-linear predictive theory, are highlighted as strategic areas to advance understanding of regional climate dynamics


The role of supply-chain initiatives in reducing deforestation    pp109 - 116
Eric F. Lambin, Holly K. Gibbs, Robert Heilmayr, Kimberly M. Carlson, Leonardo C. Fleck et al.

In this Perspective, private company supply-chain initiatives designed to reduce deforestation are assessed. Public–private policy mixes are advocated to increase their efficacy.


Building adaptive capacity to climate change in tropical coastal communities    pp117 - 123
Joshua E. Cinner, W. Neil Adger, Edward H. Allison, Michele L. Barnes, Katrina Brown et al.

Efforts to improve people's capacity to adapt to climate change have so far focussed on a relatively narrow understanding of adaptive capacity. In this Perspective, the authors propose an approach to build adaptive capacity across a broader set of domains.




Implications of sustainable development considerations for comparability across nationally determined contributions    pp124 - 129
Gokul Iyer, Katherine Calvin, Leon Clarke, James Edmonds, Nathan Hultman et al.

To reduce emissions, countries have committed to nationally determined contributions (NDCs). However, countries are also committed to the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and this study looks at the synergies between meeting NDCs and SDGs.


Divestment prevails over the green paradox when anticipating strong future climate policies    pp130 - 134
Nico Bauer, Christophe McGlade, Jérôme Hilaire & Paul Ekins

Fossil fuel market response to future climate policies could result in divestment in anticipation, or accelerated extraction—the green paradox. This study projects reduced emissions due to anticipation effects prior to policy implementation.


Global-scale hydrological response to future glacier mass loss    pp135 - 140
Matthias Huss & Regine Hock

The future of glaciers and associated runoff is projected for 56 large drainage basins globally, with glacier wastage impacting on runoff and water resources even in basins with limited glacier cover.


Diverging seasonal extremes for ocean acidification during the twenty-first century    pp141 - 145
Lester Kwiatkowski & James C. Orr

Marine biology will be impacted by changes in the ocean carbonate system. This study projects contrasting seasonal changes of the hydrogen ion concentration, pH, and carbonate saturation state, which will exacerbate and ameliorate ocean acidification impacts.


Strengthening seasonal marine CO2 variations due to increasing atmospheric CO2    pp146 - 150
Peter Landschützer, Nicolas Gruber, Dorothee C. E. Bakker, Irene Stemmler & Katharina D. Six

Uptake of anthropogenic CO2 changes the surface ocean inorganic carbon system. Analysis of observations shows an increase in the seasonal oceanic carbon cycle, amplifying the ocean acidification signal with implications for marine biota.


Biomass-based negative emissions difficult to reconcile with planetary boundaries    pp151 - 155
Vera Heck, Dieter Gerten, Wolfgang Lucht & Alexander Popp

Biomass-based negative emissions can help to address the planetary boundary (PB) for climate change. However, side-effects likely include pushing us closer to the PBs for freshwater use and further transgression of the PBs for biosphere integrity, land-system change, and biogeochemical flows.


Synergy between nutrients and warming enhances methane ebullition from experimental lakes    pp156 - 160
Thomas A. Davidson, Joachim Audet, Erik Jeppesen, Frank Landkildehus, Torben L. Lauridsen et al.

The combination of nutrient enrichment and warming has a synergistic effect on rates of methane ebullition from experimental lakes. This suggests methane emissions from shallow lakes may be significantly underestimated.


KAUST Discovery: Research into clean fuels 

Fuel Combustion Chemist Mani Sarathy's researches alternative fuels, Sarathy works closely with atmospheric scientists to better grasp the fate of exhaust emissions. The research even looks at utilising artificial intelligence and machine learning to improve combustion processes. 

Read more online >> 



The changing value of the 'green' label on the US municipal bond market    pp161 - 165
Andreas Karpf & Antoine Mandel

In comparison to conventional bonds, green bonds have been penalized on the municipal market. However, in recent years the credit quality of green bonds has improved, and they now represent an increasingly feasible option to unlock climate finance.


Greenhouse gas emissions from diverse Arctic Alaskan lakes are dominated by young carbon    pp166 - 171
Clayton D. Elder, Xiaomei Xu, Jennifer Walker, Jordan L. Schnell, Kenneth M. Hinkel et al.

A spatially extensive survey of lake CH4 and CO2 emissions in Arctic Alaska shows the source material to be primarily relatively young organic matter (up to about 3,500 years old). Contributions from ancient C sources were twice as large in fine textured sediments.


Spotlight on Kanagawa 

A smart place to work

Lower house prices, proximity to Tokyo, and a burgeoning R&D ecosystem are thrusting Kanagawa into the modern world from its ancient history. 

Access Free Online >> 
Nature Mentoring Collection 

Offering advice and support to scientist mentors and their mentees 

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