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vrijdag 1 december 2017

Nature Climate Change Contents: December 2017 Volume 7 Number 12

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Nature Climate Change

KAUST Discovery: Research into sustainable agriculture
Plant Scientist Mark Tester’s research into growing crops on poor-quality soils or on otherwise barren land is discovering some ground-breaking findings.
Find out more on how Tester’s research could one day help feed the world.
Read more here >>

December 2017 Volume 7, Issue 12

Research Highlights
News & Views



Negotiating action    p847



Towards real-time verification of CO2 emissions    pp848 - 850
Glen P. Peters, Corinne Le Quéré, Robbie M. Andrew, Josep G. Canadell, Pierre Friedlingstein et al.

Reassessing emotion in climate change communication    pp850 - 852
Daniel A. Chapman, Brian Lickel & Ezra M. Markowitz

Research Highlights


Sharing the light    p853
Alastair Brown

Emissions reduction policy    p853
Adam Yeeles

Melting from below    p853
Bronwyn Wake

Reducing emissions    p853
Graham Simpkins

News & Views


Hot and sour in the deep ocean    pp854 - 855
Christopher L. Sabine

Near doubling of storm rainfall    pp855 - 856
Zhe Feng

Nature Climate Change
JOBS of the week
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UBFC - Universite Bourgogne Franche-Comté
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University College London (UCL)
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North Carolina State University (NCSU)
Senior Development Officer, Foundations - 18034
World Wildlife Fund (WWF)
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Athens, Greece
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Improving poverty and inequality modelling in climate research    pp857 - 862
Narasimha D. Rao, Bas J. van Ruijven, Keywan Riahi & Valentina Bosetti

Climate impact models have a limited ability to represent risks to the poor and vulnerable. Wider adoption of best practices and new model features that incorporate social heterogeneity and different policy mechanisms are needed to address this shortcoming.


Short-lived climate pollutant mitigation and the Sustainable Development Goals    pp863 - 869
Andy Haines, Markus Amann, Nathan Borgford-Parnell, Sunday Leonard, Johan Kuylenstierna et al.

Many of the measures required to reduce emissions of short-lived climate pollutants contribute to achieving the sustainable development goals while complementing decarbonization efforts required to reduce long-term climate change.




Measuring progress from nationally determined contributions to mid-century strategies    pp871 - 874
Gokul Iyer, Catherine Ledna, Leon Clarke, James Edmonds, Haewon McJeon et al.

Achieving the longer-term goals of the Paris Agreement and transformation to a low-carbon society requires an acceleration in electricity generation investment and capacity addition above that outlined in the US Nationally Determined Contribution.


Recently amplified arctic warming has contributed to a continual global warming trend    pp875 - 879
Jianbin Huang, Xiangdong Zhang, Qiyi Zhang, Yanluan Lin, Mingju Hao et al.

The Arctic is under-represented in surface temperature datasets and this could affect estimates of global warming. A new dataset with greater coverage of the Arctic shows a higher warming rate of 0.112 °C per decade compared to 0.005 °C from IPCC AR5.


Increased rainfall volume from future convective storms in the US    pp880 - 884
Andreas F. Prein, Changhai Liu, Kyoko Ikeda, Stanley B. Trier, Roy M. Rasmussen et al.

Limitations with climate models have previously prevented accurate diagnosis of future changes in mesoscale convective systems (MCSs). A convection-permitting model now indicates that summer MCSs will triple by 2100 in the United States, with a corresponding increase in rainfall rates and areal extent.


Increasing frequency of extremely severe cyclonic storms over the Arabian Sea    pp885 - 889
Hiroyuki Murakami, Gabriel A. Vecchi & Seth Underwood

Post-monsoon season severe cyclonic storms were first observed over the Arabian Sea in 2014 and 2015. Highresolution modelling reveals their increased frequency can be attributed to anthropogenic forcing, and not natural variability.


Deep oceans may acidify faster than anticipated due to global warming    pp890 - 894
Chen-Tung Arthur Chen, Hon-Kit Lui, Chia-Han Hsieh, Tetsuo Yanagi, Naohiro Kosugi et al.

Changes in deep-water ventilation could potentially cause acidification from organic matter breakdown. The Sea of Japan has an acidification rate 27% higher at depth than at the surface, showing how reduced ventilation from warming could impact the deep ocean.


Warming alters energetic structure and function but not resilience of soil food webs    pp895 - 900
Benjamin Schwarz, Andrew D. Barnes, Madhav P. Thakur, Ulrich Brose, Marcel Ciobanu et al.

Warming interacts with forest disturbance and drought to shape the energetic structure of soil food webs; these changes can undermine the provision of multiple ecosystem functions in transitional boreal–temperate forests.


Historical effects of CO2 and climate trends on global crop water demand    pp901 - 905
Daniel W. Urban, Justin Sheffield & David B. Lobell

Climate and CO2 trends have driven significant changes in global crop water demand over the last 30 years but with variation by region and crop type. If trends continue, it could be a challenge for adaptation efforts to keep pace with water demand.


A pan-tropical cascade of fire driven by El Niño/Southern Oscillation    pp906 - 911
Yang Chen, Douglas C. Morton, Niels Andela, Guido R. van der Werf, Louis Giglio et al.

Reductions in precipitation and water storage increased fire emissions in pan-tropical forests by 133% during and following El Niño events (1997–2016). Fires follow a predictable cascade across tropical continents that may improve seasonal fire forecasts.


Nature Communications sea-level rise collection

An evolving collection of the latest sea-level rise research published in Nature Communications, editorially curated and updated periodically.

The collection draws together articles examining different aspects of this field, from observations and drivers of sea-level variability, to ice sheet dynamics and their contribution to sea-level rise, to coastal vulnerability to flooding and extreme sea levels. 

Explore the collection >>



Effectiveness of state climate and energy policies in reducing power-sector CO2 emissions    pp912 - 919
Geoff Martin & Eri Saikawa

State policies play a key role in mitigation of power-sector emissions. Analysis of 17 policies in the US shows that mandatory compliance is reducing emissions, with the largest reductions related to greenhouse gas reporting and public benefit funds.


Greenhouse gas emission curves for advanced biofuel supply chains    pp920 - 924
Vassilis Daioglou, Jonathan C. Doelman, Elke Stehfest, Christoph Müller, Birka Wicke et al.

Here emission curves are developed for advanced biofuel supply chains to enhance understanding of the relationship between biofuel supply and its potential contribution to climate change mitigation while accounting for landscape heterogeneity.


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