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donderdag 12 oktober 2017

The Lancet: [Articles] Clemastine fumarate as a remyelinating therapy for multiple sclerosis (ReBUILD): a randomised,...

[Articles] Clemastine fumarate as a remyelinating therapy for multiple sclerosis (ReBUILD): a randomised, controlled, double-blind, crossover trial
To our knowledge, this is the first randomised controlled trial to document efficacy of a remyelinating drug for the treatment of chronic demyelinating injury in multiple sclerosis. Our findings suggest that myelin repair can be achieved even following prolonged damage.
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[Comment] Double-duty solutions for the double burden of malnutrition
In The Lancet, the NCD Risk Factor Collaboration1 describe trends in body-mass index (BMI), underweight, overweight, and obesity in almost 130 million children, adolescents, and adults from 200 countries worldwide. Findings of the study provide grounds for both optimism and concern. The good news is that from 1975 to 2016, the prevalence of undernutrition in children aged 5 years and older decreased, and obesity in some regions had slowed. The bad news is that the prevalence of overweight and obesity in adults (aged ≥20 years) and children and adolescents (5�C19 years) in other regions of the world was increasing.
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[Articles] Worldwide trends in body-mass index, underweight, overweight, and obesity from 1975 to 2016: a pooled analysis of 2416 population-based measurement studies in 128・9 million children, adolescents, and adults
The rising trends in children's and adolescents' BMI have plateaued in many high-income countries, albeit at high levels, but have accelerated in parts of Asia, with trends no longer correlated with those of adults.
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[Articles] Local, national, and regional viral haemorrhagic fever pandemic potential in Africa: a multistage analysis
Our analysis provides a unified assessment of potential epidemic trajectories, with the aim of allowing national and international agencies to pre-emptively evaluate needs and target resources. Within each country, our framework identifies at-risk subnational locations in which to improve surveillance, diagnostic capabilities, and health systems in parallel with the design of policies for optimal responses at each stage. In conjunction with pandemic preparedness activities, assessments such as ours can identify regions where needs and provisions do not align, and thus should be targeted for future strengthening and support.
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[Department of Error] Department of Error
Fouad FM, Sparrow A, Tarakji A, et al. Health workers and the weaponisation of health care in Syria: a preliminary inquiry for The Lancet�CAmerican University of Beirut Commission on Syria. Lancet 2017; published online March 14. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(17)30741-9―In figure 1 of this Health Policy, the positions of the map of Syria and the labels of the surrounding countries have been corrected. These changes have been made to the online version as of Oct 11, 2017, and will be made to the printed Article.
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