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Nature Reviews Neuroscience contents September 2017 Volume 18 Number 9 pp 511-567

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Nature Reviews Neuroscience

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September 2017 Volume 18 Number 9
Nature Reviews Neuroscience cover
2016 2-year Impact Factor 28.880 Journal Metrics 2-year Median 23
In this issue
Research Highlights

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 Featured article:
Prefrontal–hippocampal interactions in episodic memory
Howard Eichenbaum
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Ageing: Setting the speed
p511 | doi:10.1038/nrn.2017.109
Hypothalamic neural stem cells may be important regulators of the speed at which ageing proceeds in mice.


Motor systems: Mice get manual
p512 | doi:10.1038/nrn.2017.108
Species-dependent regulation of plexin A1 signalling may underlie the elimination and retention of cortico–motor neuronal contacts in developing mice and in developing primates, respectively.


Sleep and memory: Spindles take charge
p512 | doi:10.1038/nrn.2017.98
This study provides evidence for a role for the thalamus in the synchronization of brain rhythms that drive memory consolidation during sleep.


Behavioural neuroscience: King of the castle
p513 | doi:10.1038/nrn.2017.102
The likelihood of winning a bout of competitive behaviour is increased by past wins, and the neural circuitry underlying this crucial determinant of social rank in a group of mice is identified as a projection from the mediodorsal thalamus to the dorsomedial prefrontal cortex.


Psychiatric disorders: Splitting depression apart
p514 | doi:10.1038/nrn.2017.99
Two major components of depression-like behaviour in mice — social avoidance and helplessness — are mediated by distinct circuits that include parvalbumin-expressing neurons in the ventral pallidum.



Gut-brain communication: Permitting pain | Neuronal networks: Individual arrangements | Neurodegenerative disease: A programmed killer | Psychiatric disorders: Acute actions

Nature Reviews Neuroscience
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An open access journal dedicated to highlighting the most important scientific advances in Parkinson's disease research, spanning the motor and non-motor disorders of Parkinson's disease.

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Animal models of α-synucleinopathy for Parkinson disease drug development
James B. Koprich, Lorraine V. Kalia & Jonathan M. Brotchie
p515 | doi:10.1038/nrn.2017.75
The aggregation of α-synuclein in neurons is characteristic of Parkinson disease. Koprich, Kalia and Brotchie provide a critical overview of preclinical, mammalian models of α-synucleinopathy and their merits and limitations in drug development for Parkinson disease, and suggest a combination of different models for optimal proof-of-principle investigation of novel therapeutics.
Abstract | Full Text | PDF
Neuronal cell-type classification: challenges, opportunities and the path forward
Hongkui Zeng & Joshua R. Sanes
p530 | doi:10.1038/nrn.2017.85
Attempts to group the cells of the nervous system into classes or types face technical and conceptual barriers. Zeng and Sanes consider the current approaches to classification and propose a strategy and set of principles to guide future classification efforts.
Abstract | Full Text | PDF
Prefrontal–hippocampal interactions in episodic memory
Howard Eichenbaum
p547 | doi:10.1038/nrn.2017.74
The prefrontal cortex and the hippocampus have distinct and complementary roles in episodic memory, and their interactions are also crucial for memory. Eichenbaum describes the pathways and mechanisms mediating these interactions and suggests a model of how these regions communicate to retrieve cued memories.
Abstract | Full Text | PDF
A new look at domain specificity: insights from social neuroscience
Robert P. Spunt & Ralph Adolphs
p559 | doi:10.1038/nrn.2017.76
The idea that specialized cognitive processes or brain regions are devoted to particular cognitive functions — known as domain specificity — remains an area of substantial debate. Adolphs and Spunt outline the challenges in defining and assessing domain specificity and use social neuroscience findings to suggest a new approach.
Abstract | Full Text | PDF
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