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Scientific Reports Physics Table of Contents e-alert: 21 March 2017

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  21 March 2017   
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Physical Sciences

Direct Evidence of Lack of Colocalisation of Fluorescently Labelled Gold Labels Used in Correlative Light Electron Microscopy


Benjamin T. Miles, Alexander B. Greenwood, David Benito-Alifonso et al.


Fluorescently labelled nanoparticles are routinely used in Correlative Light Electron Microscopy (CLEM) to combine the capabilities of two separate microscope platforms: …


Raman Sensitive Degradation and Etching Dynamics of Exfoliated Black Phosphorus


Fadhel Alsaffar, Sarah Alodan, Abdul Alrasheed et al.


Layered black phosphorus has drawn much attention due to the existence of a band gap compared to the widely known graphene. However, environmental stability of black phosphorus …


Tuning the multiferroic mechanisms of TbMnO3 by epitaxial strain


Kenta Shimamoto, Saumya Mukherjee, Sebastian Manz et al.


A current challenge in the field of magnetoelectric multiferroics is to identify systems that allow a controlled tuning of states displaying distinct magnetoelectric responses. …


Robust and Elastic Lunar and Martian Structures from 3D-Printed Regolith Inks


Adam E. Jakus, Katie D. Koube, Nicholas R. Geisendorfer et al.


Here, we present a comprehensive approach for creating robust, elastic, designer Lunar and Martian regolith simulant (LRS and MRS, respectively) architectures using ambient …


Direct measurement of the propagation of the phase-transition region of liquid crystals


Takahiro Sato, Kenji Katayama


Many types of active matter, such as biological cells, have liquid-crystalline membranes, which are soft and flexible in their interactions with their surroundings and sometimes …


High Thermoelectric Power Factor of a Diketopyrrolopyrrole-Based Low Bandgap Polymer via Finely Tuned Doping Engineering


In Hwan Jung, Cheon Taek Hong, Un-Hak Lee et al.


We studied the thermoelectric properties of a diketopyrrolopyrrole-based semiconductor (PDPP3T) via a precisely tuned doping process using Iron (III) chloride. In particular, the …


Reducing Cascading Failure Risk by Increasing Infrastructure Network Interdependence


Mert Korkali, Jason G. Veneman, Brian F. Tivnan et al.


Increased interconnection between critical infrastructure networks, such as electric power and communications systems, has important implications for infrastructure reliability …


Size-tunable Synthesis of Silver Nanobelts Using a Polyaniline Derived Polymer as a Template


Sudakar Padmanaban, Minog Kim, Sungho Yoon


Silver nanobelts (AgNBs) have attracted a great interest due to their excellent electrical conductivity and mechanical strength, leading a facile synthesis of these AgNBs in …


Terbium Ion Doping in Ca3Co4O9: A Step towards High-Performance Thermoelectric Materials


Shrikant Saini, Haritha Sree Yaddanapudi, Kun Tian et al.


The potential of thermoelectric materials to generate electricity from the waste heat can play a key role in achieving a global sustainable energy future. In order to proceed in …


Dynamic monitoring of membrane nanotubes formation induced by vaccinia virus on a high throughput microfluidic chip


Min Xiao, Na Xu, Cheng Wang et al.


Membrane nanotubes (MNTs) are physical connections for intercellular communication and induced by various viruses. However, the formation of vaccinia virus (VACV)-induced MNTs …


A facile template route to periodic mesoporous organosilicas nanospheres with tubular structure by using compressed CO2


Xin Huang, Wei Li, Meijin Wang et al.


Periodic mesoporous organosilicas (PMOs) nanospheres with tubular structure were prepared with compressed CO2 using cationic and anionic mixed surfactant (CTAB/SDS) and triblock …


Effect of defects on reaction of NiO surface with Pb-contained solution


Jongjin Kim, Binyang Hou, Changyong Park et al.


In order to understand the role of defects in chemical reactions, we used two types of samples, which are molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) grown NiO(001) film on Mg(001) substrate as …


Rigid High Temperature Heat-Shrinkable Polyimide Tubes with Functionality as Reducer Couplings


Deyan Kong, Xinli Xiao


Flexible and semi-rigid heat-shrinkable tubes (HSTs) have been used in thousands of applications, and here rigid high temperature HSTs are reported for the first time. These …


Optical determination of Shockley-Read-Hall and interface recombination currents in hybrid perovskites


Valerio Sarritzu, Nicola Sestu, Daniela Marongiu et al.


Metal-halide perovskite solar cells rival the best inorganic solar cells in power conversion efficiency, providing the outlook for efficient, cheap devices. In order for the …


Re-construction layer effect of LiNi0.8Co0.15Mn0.05O2 with solvent evaporation process


Kwangjin Park, Jun-Ho Park, Suk-Gi Hong et al.


The solvent evaporation method on the structural changes and surface chemistry of the cathode and the effect of electrochemical performance of Li1.0Ni0.8Co0.15Mn0.05O2 (NCM) has …


Wide dynamic range enrichment method of semiconducting single-walled carbon nanotubes with weak field centrifugation


Wieland G. Reis, Željko Tomović, R. Thomas Weitz et al.


The potential of single–walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) to outperform silicon in electronic application was finally enabled through selective separation of semiconducting …


Deep-brain imaging via epi-fluorescence Computational Cannula Microscopy


Ganghun Kim, Naveen Nagarajan, Elissa Pastuzyn et al.


Here we demonstrate widefield (field diameter = 200 μm) fluorescence microscopy and video imaging inside the rodent brain at a depth of 2 mm using a simple surgical glass needle …


In vivo evaluation of Mg–6Zn and titanium alloys on collagen metabolism in the healing of intestinal anastomosis


Xiao-hu Wang, Jian-shu Ni, Nai-long Cao et al.


There is a great clinical need for biodegradable materials, which were used as pins of circular staplers, for gastrointestinal reconstruction in medicine. In this work we …


NMR spectroscopy of single sub-nL ova with inductive ultra-compact single-chip probes


Marco Grisi, Franck Vincent, Beatrice Volpe et al.


Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy enables non-invasive chemical studies of intact living matter. However, the use of NMR at the volume scale typical of microorganisms …


Rectifying the output of vibrational piezoelectric energy harvester using quantum dots


Lijie Li


Piezoelectric energy harvester scavenges mechanical vibrations and generates electricity. Researchers have strived to optimize the electromechanical structures and to design …


Tuning quantum measurements to control chaos


Jessica K. Eastman, Joseph J. Hope, André R. R. Carvalho


Environment-induced decoherence has long been recognised as being of crucial importance in the study of chaos in quantum systems. In particular, the exact form and strength of …


Determination of Low Loss in Isotopically Pure Single Crystal 28Si at Low Temperatures and Single Microwave Photon Energy


Nikita Kostylev, Maxim Goryachev, Andrey D. Bulanov et al.


The low dielectric losses of an isotopically pure single crystal 28Si sample were determined at a temperature of 20 mK and at powers equivalent to that of a single photon. …


On the determination of χ(2) in thin films: a comparison of one-beam second-harmonic generation measurement methodologies


Artur Hermans, Clemens Kieninger, Kalle Koskinen et al.


The determination of the second-order susceptibility (χ(2)) of thin film samples can be a delicate matter since well-established χ(2) measurement methodologies such as the Maker …


Sudden Transition between Classical to Quantum Decoherence in bipartite correlated Qutrit Systems


F. A. Cárdenas-López, S. Allende, J. C. Retamal


Classical to quantum decoherence transition, an issue existing for incoherent superposition of Bell-diagonal states is studied for three dimensional bipartite AB mixed quantum …


A Stronger Multi-observable Uncertainty Relation


Qiu-Cheng Song, Jun-Li Li, Guang-Xiong Peng et al.


Uncertainty relation lies at the heart of quantum mechanics, characterizing the incompatibility of non-commuting observables in the preparation of quantum states. An important …


Corrosion inhibition of mild steel in 1M HCl by D-glucose derivatives of dihydropyrido [2,3-d:6,5-d′] dipyrimidine-2, 4, 6, 8(1H,3H, 5H,7H)-tetraone


Chandrabhan Verma, M. A. Quraishi, K. Kluza et al.


D-glucose derivatives of dihydropyrido-[2,3-d:6,5-d′]-dipyrimidine-2, 4, 6, 8(1H,3H, 5H,7H)-tetraone (GPHs) have been synthesized and investigated as corrosion inhibitors for …


Ultra-wide range field-dependent measurements of the relaxivity of Gd1−xEuxVO4 nanoparticle contrast agents using a mechanical sample-shuttling relaxometer


Ching-Yu Chou, Mouna Abdesselem, Cedric Bouzigues et al.


The current trend for Magnetic Resonance Imaging points towards higher magnetic fields. Even though sensitivity and resolution are increased in stronger fields, T1 contrast is …


Polyphonic sonification of electrocardiography signals for diagnosis of cardiac pathologies


Jakob Nikolas Kather, Thomas Hermann, Yannick Bukschat et al.


Electrocardiography (ECG) data are multidimensional temporal data with ubiquitous applications in the clinic. Conventionally, these data are presented visually. It is presently …


Achromatic light patterning and improved image reconstruction for parallelized RESOLFT nanoscopy


Andriy Chmyrov, Marcel Leutenegger, Tim Grotjohann et al.


Fluorescence microscopy is rapidly turning into nanoscopy. Among the various nanoscopy methods, the STED/RESOLFT super-resolution family has recently been expanded to image even …


Hydatid detection using the near-infrared transmission angular spectra of porous silicon microcavity biosensors


Peng Li, Zhenhong Jia, Guodong Lü


Hydatid, which is a parasitic disease, occurs today in many regions worldwide. Because it can present a serious threat to people’s health, finding a fast, convenient, and …


Microscale Symmetrical Electroporator Array as a Versatile Molecular Delivery System


Mengxing Ouyang, Winfield Hill, Jung Hyun Lee et al.


Successful developments of new therapeutic strategies often rely on the ability to deliver exogenous molecules into cytosol. We have developed a versatile on-chip vortex-assisted …


Recruitment of bone marrow CD11b+Gr-1+ cells by polymeric nanoparticles for antigen cross-presentation


Ya-Wun Yang, Wen-Hui Luo


The objective of this study was to investigate the function of poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) nanoparticles (NPs) on the activation of antigen-specific CD8+ T cell …


Generating highly accurate prediction hypotheses through collaborative ensemble learning


Nino Arsov, Martin Pavlovski, Lasko Basnarkov et al.


Ensemble generation is a natural and convenient way of achieving better generalization performance of learning algorithms by gathering their predictive capabilities. Here, we …


Automated Protein Biomarker Analysis: on-line extraction of clinical samples by Molecularly Imprinted Polymers


Cecilia Rossetti, Magdalena A. Świtnicka-Plak, Trine Grønhaug Halvorsen et al.


Robust biomarker quantification is essential for the accurate diagnosis of diseases and is of great value in cancer management. In this paper, an innovative diagnostic platform …


Preparation of Ho3+/Tm3+ Co-doped Lanthanum Tungsten Germanium Tellurite Glass Fiber and Its Laser Performance for 2.0 μm


Dechun Zhou, Xuemei Bai, Hang Zhou


Ho3+/Tm3+ co-doped 50TeO2-25GeO2-3WO3-5La2O3-3Nb2O5-5Li2O-9BaF2 glass fiber is prepared with the rod-tube drawing method of 15 μm core diameter and 125 μm inner cladding diameter …


A scalable diffraction-based scanning 3D colour video display as demonstrated by using tiled gratings and a vertical diffuser


Jia Jia, Jhensi Chen, Jun Yao et al.


A high quality 3D display requires a high amount of optical information throughput, which needs an appropriate mechanism to distribute information in space uniformly and …


Integrated multi-ISE arrays with improved sensitivity, accuracy and precision


Chunling Wang, Hongyan Yuan, Zhijuan Duan et al.


Increasing use of ion-selective electrodes (ISEs) in the biological and environmental fields has generated demand for high-sensitivity ISEs. However, improving the sensitivities …


Sub-pixel correlation length neutron imaging: Spatially resolved scattering information of microstructures on a macroscopic scale


Ralph P. Harti, Markus Strobl, Benedikt Betz et al.


Neutron imaging and scattering give data of significantly different nature and traditional methods leave a gap of accessible structure sizes at around 10 micrometers. Only in …


Modulated CH3NH3PbI3−xBrx film for efficient perovskite solar cells exceeding 18%


Yongguang Tu, Jihuai Wu, Zhang Lan et al.


The organic-inorganic lead halide perovskite layer is a crucial factor for the high performance perovskite solar cell (PSC). We introduce CH3NH3Br in the precursor solution to …


Transparent polycrystalline cubic silicon nitride


Norimasa Nishiyama, Ryo Ishikawa, Hiroaki Ohfuji et al.


Glasses and single crystals have traditionally been used as optical windows. Recently, there has been a high demand for harder and tougher optical windows that are able to endure …


Enhancing the sensitivity of magnetic sensors by 3D metamaterial shells


Carles Navau, Rosa Mach-Batlle, Albert Parra et al.


Magnetic sensors are key elements in our interconnected smart society. Their sensitivity becomes essential for many applications in fields such as biomedicine, computer memories, …


Effect of grain structure on Charpy impact behavior of copper


Ningning Liang, Yonghao Zhao, Jingtao Wang et al.


Nanostructured (NS) and ultrafine-grained (UFG) materials have high strength and relatively low ductility. Their toughness has not been comprehensively investigated. Here we …


Magnetowetting of Ferrofluidic Thin Liquid Films


Srinivas Tenneti, Sri Ganesh Subramanian, Monojit Chakraborty et al.


An extended meniscus of a ferrofluid solution on a silicon surface is subjected to axisymmetric, non-uniform magnetic field resulting in significant forward movement of the thin …


Physics of microstructures enhancement of thin film evaporation heat transfer in microchannels flow boiling


Sajjad Bigham, Abdolreza Fazeli, Saeed Moghaddam


Performance enhancement of the two-phase flow boiling heat transfer process in microchannels through implementation of surface micro- and nanostructures has gained substantial …


Multiscale microenvironmental perturbation of pluripotent stem cell fate and self-organization


Yoji Tabata, Matthias P. Lutolf


The combination of microfluidics with engineered three-dimensional (3D) matrices can bring new insights into the fate regulation of stem cells and their self-organization into …


Tuning Coupling Behavior of Stacked Heterostructures Based on MoS2, WS2, and WSe2


Fang Wang, Junyong Wang, Shuang Guo et al.


The interlayer interaction of vertically stacked heterojunctions is very sensitive to the interlayer spacing, which will affect the coupling between the monolayers and allow band …


Organic Power Electronics: Transistor Operation in the kA/cm2 Regime


Markus P. Klinger, Axel Fischer, Felix Kaschura et al.


In spite of interesting features as flexibility, organic thin-film transistors have commercially lagged behind due to the low mobilities of organic semiconductors associated with …


Effects of collision cascade density on radiation defect dynamics in 3C-SiC


L. B. Bayu Aji, J. B. Wallace, S. O. Kucheyev


Effects of the collision cascade density on radiation damage in SiC remain poorly understood. Here, we study damage buildup and defect interaction dynamics in 3C-SiC bombarded at …


Phospholipid imprinted polymers as selective endotoxin scavengers


Robert Sulc, Gyorgy Szekely, Sudhirkumar Shinde et al.


Herein we explore phospholipid imprinting as a means to design receptors for complex glycolipids comprising the toxic lipopolysaccharide endotoxin. A series of polymerizable …


Signature of an aggregation-prone conformation of tau


Neil A. Eschmann, Elka R. Georgieva, Pritam Ganguly et al.


The self-assembly of the microtubule associated tau protein into fibrillar cell inclusions is linked to a number of devastating neurodegenerative disorders collectively known as …


Chemical profiling analysis of Maca using UHPLC-ESI-Orbitrap MS coupled with UHPLC-ESI-QqQ MS and the neuroprotective study on its active ingredients


Yanyan Zhou, Peng Li, Adelheid Brantner et al.


Lepidium meyenii (Maca), originated from Peru, has been cultivated widely in China as a popular health care food. However, the chemical and effective studies of Maca were less …


All-passive pixel super-resolution of time-stretch imaging


Antony C. S. Chan, Ho-Cheung Ng, Sharat C. V. Bogaraju et al.


Based on image encoding in a serial-temporal format, optical time-stretch imaging entails a stringent requirement of state-of-the-art fast data acquisition unit in order to …


Partitioning of red blood cell aggregates in bifurcating microscale flows


E. Kaliviotis, J. M. Sherwood, S. Balabani


Microvascular flows are often considered to be free of red blood cell aggregates, however, recent studies have demonstrated that aggregates are present throughout the …


Structure zone diagram and particle incorporation of nickel brush plated composite coatings


L. Isern, S. Impey, H. Almond et al.


This work studies the deposition of aluminium-incorporated nickel coatings by brush electroplating, focusing on the electroplating setup and processing parameters. The setup was …


High photon-to-heat conversion efficiency in the wavelength region of 250–1200 nm based on a thermoelectric Bi2Te3 film structure


Er-Tao Hu, Yuan Yao, Kai-Yan Zang et al.


In this work, 4-layered SiO2/Bi2Te3/SiO2/Cu film structures were designed and fabricated and the optical properties investigated in the wavelength region of 250–1200 nm for their …


Superconductivity in HfTe5 across weak to strong topological insulator transition induced via pressures


Y. Liu, Y. J. Long, L. X. Zhao et al.


Recently, theoretical studies show that layered HfTe5 is at the boundary of weak & strong topological insulator (TI) and might crossover to a Dirac semimetal state by changing …


Role of polar nanoregions with weak random fields in Pb-based perovskite ferroelectrics


M. A. Helal, M. Aftabuzzaman, S. Tsukada et al.


In relaxor ferroelectrics, the role of randomly orientated polar nanoregions (PNRs) with weak random fields (RFs) is one of the most puzzling issues of materials science. The …


Host-guest complexation of cucurbit[8]uril with two enantiomers


Zhong-Zheng Gao, Rui-Lian Lin, Dong Bai et al.


Host-guest complexation of cucurbit[8]uril (Q[8]) with two enantiomers, D-3-(2-naphthyl)-alanine (D-NA) and L-3-(2-naphthyl)-alanine (L-NA), has been fully investigated. …


Enhanced thermal conductivity of form-stable phase change composite with single-walled carbon nanotubes for thermal energy storage


Tingting Qian, Jinhong Li, Wuwei Feng et al.


A striking contrast in the thermal conductivities of polyethylene glycol (PEG)/diatomite form-stable phase change composite (fs-PCC) with single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNs) …


High Photoresponsivity Ge-dot PhotoMOSFETs for Low-power Monolithically-Integrated Si Optical Interconnects


Ming-Hao Kuo, Meng-Chun Lee, Horng-Chih Lin et al.


We report the demonstration of high-photoresponsivity Ge-dot photoMOSFETs in a standard MOS configuration for the detection of 850–1550 nm illumination. Each device has a …


Single-Crystalline Gold Nanowires Synthesized from Light-Driven Oriented Attachment and Plasmon-Mediated Self-Assembly of Gold Nanorods or Nanoparticles


Shang-Yang Yu, Hariyanto Gunawan, Shiao-Wen Tsai et al.


Through the light-driven geometrically oriented attachment (OA) and self-assembly of Au nanorods (NRs) or nanoparticles (NPs), single-crystalline Au nanowires (NWs) were …


Social contagions on interdependent lattice networks


Panpan Shu, Lei Gao, Pengcheng Zhao et al.


Although an increasing amount of research is being done on the dynamical processes on interdependent spatial networks, knowledge of how interdependent spatial networks influence …


Universality and critical behavior of the dynamical Mott transition in a system with long-range interactions


Louk Rademaker, Valerii M. Vinokur, Alexey Galda


We study numerically the voltage-induced breakdown of a Mott insulating phase in a system of charged classical particles with long-range interactions. At half-filling on a square …


Hierarchical Porous Interlocked Polymeric Microcapsules: Sulfonic Acid Functionalization as Acid Catalysts


Xiaomei Wang, Jinyan Gu, Lei Tian et al.


Owing to their unique structural and surface properties, mesoporous microspheres are widely applied in the catalytic field. Generally, increasing the surface area of the specific …


Corrigendum: Paper-based CRP Monitoring Devices


Shang-Chi Lin, Chung-Yuh Tzeng, Po-Liang Lai et al.



Erratum: Adsorption of methylene blue on an agro-waste oiltea shell with and without fungal treatment


Jiayang Liu, Enzhong Li, Xiaojuan You et al.



Corrigendum: Investigation into the Advantages of Pure Perovskite Film without PbI2 for High Performance Solar Cell


Ujwal Thakur, Uisik Kwon, Md Mehedi Hasan et al.



Quantum mechanical calculation of nanomaterial-ligand interaction energies by molecular fractionation with conjugated caps method


Dawei Zhang


Molecular fractionation with conjugate caps (MFCC) method is introduced for the efficient estimation of quantum mechanical (QM) interaction energies between nanomaterial (carbon …


Corrigendum: A spiking neural network model of 3D perception for event-based neuromorphic stereo vision systems


Marc Osswald, Sio-Hoi Ieng, Ryad Benosman et al.



Inorganic Photocatalytic Enhancement: Activated RhB Photodegradation by Surface Modification of SnO2 Nanocrystals with V2O5-like species


Mauro Epifani, Saulius Kaciulis, Alessio Mezzi et al.


SnO2 nanocrystals were prepared by precipitation in dodecylamine at 100 °C, then they were reacted with vanadium chloromethoxide in oleic acid at 250 °C. The resulting materials …


Quantum-dot-based suspension microarray for multiplex detection of lung cancer markers: preclinical validation and comparison with the Luminex xMAP® system


Regina Bilan, Amagoia Ametzazurra, Kristina Brazhnik et al.


A novel suspension multiplex immunoassay for the simultaneous specific detection of lung cancer markers in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) clinical samples based on …


Statistics of localized phase slips in tunable width planar point contacts


Xavier D.A. Baumans, Vyacheslav S. Zharinov, Eline Raymenants et al.


The main dissipation mechanism in superconducting nanowires arises from phase slips. Thus far, most of the studies focus on long nanowires where coexisting events appear randomly …


Effect of hydro-oleophobic perfluorocarbon chain on interfacial behavior and mechanism of perfluorooctane sulfonate in oil-water mixture


Pingping Meng, Shubo Deng, Ziwen Du et al.


Perfluorocarbon chain of perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) is not only hydrophobic but also oleophobic, and its effect on PFOS distribution in oil-water mixture and underlying …


Application of conventional molecular dynamics simulation in evaluating the stability of apomyoglobin in urea solution


Dawei Zhang, Raudah Lazim


In this study, we had exploited the advancement in computer technology to determine the stability of four apomyoglobin variants namely wild type, E109A, E109G and G65A/G73A by …


Fast detection of tobacco mosaic virus infected tobacco using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy


Jiyu Peng, Kunlin Song, Hongyan Zhu et al.


Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) is one of the most devastating viruses to crops, which can cause severe production loss and affect the quality of products. In this study, we have …


A single residue controls electron transfer gating in photosynthetic reaction centers


Oksana Shlyk, Ilan Samish, Martina Matěnová et al.


Interquinone QA → QB electron-transfer (ET) in isolated photosystem II reaction centers (PSII-RC) is protein-gated. The temperature-dependent gating frequency “k” is described …


Double-flow focused liquid injector for efficient serial femtosecond crystallography


Dominik Oberthuer, Juraj Knoška, Max O. Wiedorn et al.


Serial femtosecond crystallography requires reliable and efficient delivery of fresh crystals across the beam of an X-ray free-electron laser over the course of an experiment. We …


Characteristics of ferroelectric-ferroelastic domains in Néel-type skyrmion host GaV4S8


Ádám Butykai, Sándor Bordács, István Kézsmárki et al.


GaV4S8 is a multiferroic semiconductor hosting Néel-type magnetic skyrmions dressed with electric polarization. At Ts = 42 K, the compound undergoes a structural phase transition …


Erratum: Surface studies of solids using integral X-ray-induced photoemission yield


Stanislav Stoupin, Mikhail Zhernenkov, Bing Shi



A cross-functional nanostructured platform based on carbon nanotube-Si hybrid junctions: where photon harvesting meets gas sensing


F. Rigoni, C. Pintossi, G. Drera et al.


A combination of the functionalities of carbon nanotube (CNT)-Si hybrid heterojunctions is presented as a novel method to steer the efficiency of the photovoltaic (PV) cell based …


Enabling time resolved microscopy with random Raman lasing


Brett H. Hokr, Jonathan V. Thompson, Joel N. Bixler et al.


Optical imaging of fast events and processes is essential for understanding dynamics of complex systems. A bright flash of illuminating light is required to acquire sufficient …


Anisotropic electrical resistance in mesoscopic LaAlO3/SrTiO3 devices with individual domain walls


Nicholas J. Goble, Richard Akrobetu, Hicham Zaid et al.


The crystal structure of bulk SrTiO3(STO) transitions from cubic to tetragonal at around 105 K. Recent local scanning probe measurements of LaAlO3/SrTiO3 (LAO/STO) interfaces …


Intrinsic optimization using stochastic nanomagnets


Brian Sutton, Kerem Yunus Camsari, Behtash Behin-Aein et al.


This paper draws attention to a hardware system which can be engineered so that its intrinsic physics is described by the generalized Ising model and can encode the solution to …


Criticality-Enhanced Magnetocaloric Effect in Quantum Spin Chain Material Copper Nitrate


Jun-Sen Xiang, Cong Chen, Wei Li et al.


In this work, a systematic study of Cu(NO3)2·2.5 H2O (copper nitrate hemipentahydrate, CN), an alternating Heisenberg antiferromagnetic chain model material, is performed with …


Solar-mediated thermo-electrochemical oxidation of sodium dodecyl benzene sulfonate by modulating the effective oxidation potential and pathway for green remediation of wastewater


Di Gu, Simeng Gao, TingTing Jiang et al.


To match the relentless pursuit of three research hot points - efficient solar utilization, green and sustainable remediation of wastewater and advanced oxidation processes, …


Guest concentration, bias current, and temperature-dependent sign inversion of magneto-electroluminescence in thermally activated delayed fluorescence devices


Junquan Deng, Weiyao Jia, Yingbing Chen et al.


Non-emissive triplet excited states in devices that undergo thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) can be up-converted to singlet excited states via reverse intersystem …


Effects of GaN/AlGaN/Sputtered AlN nucleation layers on performance of GaN-based ultraviolet light-emitting diodes


Hongpo Hu, Shengjun Zhou, Xingtong Liu et al.


We report on the demonstration of GaN-based ultraviolet light-emitting diodes (UV LEDs) emitting at 375 nm grown on patterned sapphire substrate (PSS) with in-situ low …


Mixed Molybdenum Oxides with Superior Performances as an Advanced Anode Material for Lithium-Ion Batteries


Di Wu, Rui Shen, Rong Yang et al.


A simple and effective carbon-free strategy is carried out to prepare mixed molybdenum oxides as an advanced anode material for lithium-ion batteries. The new material shows a …


Dynamics of a single-atom electron pump


J. van der Heijden, G. C. Tettamanzi, S. Rogge


Single-electron pumps based on isolated impurity atoms have recently been experimentally demonstrated. In these devices the Coulomb potential of an atom creates a localised …


Tunable Twin Matching Frequency (fm1/fm2) Behavior of Ni1−xZnxFe2O4/NBR Composites over 2–12.4 GHz: A Strategic Material System for Stealth Applications


Lokesh Saini, Manoj Kumar Patra, Raj Kumar Jani et al.


The gel to carbonate precipitate route has been used for the synthesis of Ni1−xZnxFe2O4 (x = 0, 0.25, 0.5 and 0.75) bulk inverse spinel ferrite powder samples. The optimal zinc …


Temporal and spatial multiplexed infrared single-photon counter based on high-speed avalanche photodiode


Xiuliang Chen, Chengjie Ding, Haifeng Pan et al.


We report on a high-speed temporal and spatial multiplexed single-photon counter with photon-number-resolving capability up to four photons. The infrared detector combines a …


Three dimensional approach to investigating biological effects along energetic ion beam pathways


Xinglin Li, Shuguang Sun, Shanying Wang et al.


Heavy ion beams have many exciting applications, including radiotherapy of deep-seated tumors and simulation tests of space irradiation for astronauts. These beams often use a …


A Multilayer perspective for the analysis of urban transportation systems


Alberto Aleta, Sandro Meloni, Yamir Moreno


Public urban mobility systems are composed by several transportation modes connected together. Most studies in urban mobility and planning often ignore the multi-layer nature of …


A scientific report on heat transfer analysis in mixed convection flow of Maxwell fluid over an oscillating vertical plate


Ilyas Khan, Nehad Ali Shah, L. C. C. Dennis


This scientific report investigates the heat transfer analysis in mixed convection flow of Maxwell fluid over an oscillating vertical plate with constant wall temperature. The …


Rotational Effects of Nanoparticles for Cooling down Ultracold Neutrons


Xiaoqing Tu, Guangai Sun, Jian Gong et al.


Due to quantum coherence, nanoparticles have very large cross sections when scattering with very cold or Ultracold Neutrons (UCN). By calculating the scattering cross section …


Ion bombardment induced buried lateral growth: the key mechanism for the synthesis of single crystal diamond wafers


Matthias Schreck, Stefan Gsell, Rosaria Brescia et al.


A detailed mechanism for heteroepitaxial diamond nucleation under ion bombardment in a microwave plasma enhanced chemical vapour deposition setup on the single crystal surface of …


Coherent selection of invisible high-order electromagnetic excitations


Ming Lun Tseng, Xu Fang, Vassili Savinov et al.


Far-field spectroscopy and mapping of electromagnetic near-field distribution are the two dominant tools for analysis and characterization of the electromagnetic response in …


Avoiding disentanglement of multipartite entangled optical beams with a correlated noisy channel


Xiaowei Deng, Caixing Tian, Xiaolong Su et al.


A quantum communication network can be constructed by distributing a multipartite entangled state to space-separated nodes. Entangled optical beams with highest flying speed and …


PATL: A RFID Tag Localization based on Phased Array Antenna


Lanxin Qiu, Xiaoxuan Liang, Zhangqin Huang


In RFID systems, how to detect the position precisely is an important and challenging research topic. In this paper, we propose a range-free 2D tag localization method based on …


Composition and temperature-dependent phase transition in miscible Mo1−xWxTe2 single crystals


Yang-Yang Lv, Lin Cao, Xiao Li et al.


Transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) WTe2 and MoTe2 with orthorhombic Td phase, being potential candidates as type-II Weyl semimetals, are attracted much attention recently. …


Low-Cost and Durable Bipolar Plates for Proton Exchange Membrane Electrolyzers


P. Lettenmeier, R. Wang, R. Abouatallah et al.


Cost reduction and high efficiency are the mayor challenges for sustainable H2 production via proton exchange membrane (PEM) electrolysis. Titanium-based components such as …


Efficient digitalization method for dental restorations using micro-CT data


Changhwan Kim, Seung Hoon Baek, Taewon Lee et al.


The objective of this study was to demonstrate the feasibility of using micro-CT scan of dental impressions for fabricating dental restorations and to compare the dimensional …


Antimicrobial peptides at work: interaction of myxinidin and its mutant WMR with lipid bilayers mimicking the P. aeruginosa and E. coli membranes


Lucia Lombardi, Marco Ignazio Stellato, Rosario Oliva et al.


Antimicrobial peptides are promising candidates as future therapeutics in order to face the problem of antibiotic resistance caused by pathogenic bacteria. Myxinidin is a peptide …


Differential Variance Analysis: a direct method to quantify and visualize dynamic heterogeneities


Raffaele Pastore, Giuseppe Pesce, Marco Caggioni


Many amorphous materials show spatially heterogenous dynamics, as different regions of the same system relax at different rates. Such a signature, known as Dynamic Heterogeneity, …


Experimental contextuality in classical light


Tao Li, Qiang Zeng, Xinbing Song et al.


The Klyachko, Can, Binicioglu, and Shumovsky (KCBS) inequality is an important contextuality inequality in three-level system, which has been demonstrated experimentally by using …


Glassy dynamics of nanoparticles in semiflexible ring polymer nanocomposite melts


Xiaolin Zhou, Yangwei Jiang, Zhenyu Deng et al.


By employing molecular dynamics simulations, we explore the dynamics of NPs in semiflexible ring polymer nanocomposite melts. A novel glass transition is observed for NPs in …


Tailoring the electronic and magnetic properties of monolayer SnO by B, C, N, O and F adatoms


Junguang Tao, Lixiu Guan


Recently, SnO has attracted more and more attention, because it is a bipolar electronic material holding great potential in the design of p-n junction. In this paper, we examine …


Corrigendum: The hydrogen-bond collective dynamics in liquid methanol


Stefano Bellissima, Simone De Panfilis, Ubaldo Bafile et al.



Prospects of target nanostructuring for laser proton acceleration


Andrea Lübcke, Alexander A. Andreev, Sandra Höhm et al.


In laser-based proton acceleration, nanostructured targets hold the promise to allow for significantly boosted proton energies due to strong increase of laser absorption. We used …


Creation of nano eye-drops and effective drug delivery to the interior of the eye


Yoshikazu Ikuta, Shigenobu Aoyagi, Yuji Tanaka et al.


Nano eye-drops are a new type of ophthalmic treatment with increased potency and reduced side effects. Compounds in conventional eye-drops barely penetrate into the eye because …


Compact silicon multimode waveguide spectrometer with enhanced bandwidth


Molly Piels, Darko Zibar


Compact, broadband, and high-resolution spectrometers are appealing for sensing applications, but difficult to fabricate. Here we show using calibration data a spectrometer based …


Hydrothermal synthesis of nanostructured graphene/polyaniline composites as high-capacitance electrode materials for supercapacitors


Ronghua Wang, Meng Han, Qiannan Zhao et al.


As known to all, hydrothermal synthesis is a powerful technique for preparing inorganic and organic materials or composites with different architectures. In this reports, by …


Experimental evidences for reducing Mg activation energy in high Al-content AlGaN alloy by MgGa δ doping in (AlN)m/(GaN)n superlattice


Xiao Wang, Wei Wang, Jingli Wang et al.


P-type doping in high Al-content AlGaN alloys is a main challenge for realizing AlGaN-based deep ultraviolet optoelectronics devices. According to the first-principles …


Thermal transport in nanocrystalline Si and SiGe by ab initio based Monte Carlo simulation


Lina Yang, Austin J. Minnich


Nanocrystalline thermoelectric materials based on Si have long been of interest because Si is earth-abundant, inexpensive, and non-toxic. However, a poor understanding of phonon …


Reduced graphene oxide composites with water soluble copolymers having tailored lower critical solution temperatures and unique tube-like structure


Mina Namvari, Chandra S. Biswas, Massimiliano Galluzzi et al.


Nanohybrids of graphene with water soluble polymer were synthesized using ‘grafting from’ method. GO, prepared by modified Hummers’ method, was first reacted with sodium azide. …


Optimizing ultrathin Ag films for high performance oxide-metal-oxide flexible transparent electrodes through surface energy modulation and template-stripping procedures


Xi Yang, Pingqi Gao, Zhenhai Yang et al.


Among new flexible transparent conductive electrode (TCE) candidates, ultrathin Ag film (UTAF) is attractive for its extremely low resistance and relatively high transparency. …


Platonic Micelles: Monodisperse Micelles with Discrete Aggregation Numbers Corresponding to Regular Polyhedra


Shota Fujii, Shimpei Yamada, Sakiko Matsumoto et al.


The concept of micelles was first proposed in 1913 by McBain and has rationalized numerous experimental results of the self-aggregation of surfactants. It is generally agreed …


An advanced phase retrieval algorithm in N-step phase-shifting interferometry with unknown phase shifts


Jiaosheng Li, Liyun Zhong, Shengde Liu et al.


In phase-shifting interferometry with unknown phase shifts, a normalization and orthogonalization phase-shifting algorithm (NOPSA) is proposed to achieve phase retrieval. The …


Erratum: Inter-Layer Coupling Induced Valence Band Edge Shift in Mono- to Few-Layer MoS2


Daniel J. Trainer, Aleksei V. Putilov, Cinzia Di Giorgio et al.



Direct observation of spinodal decomposition phenomena in InAlN alloys during in-situ STEM heating


J. Palisaitis, C.-L. Hsiao, L. Hultman et al.


The spinodal decomposition and thermal stability of thin In0.72Al0.28N layers and In0.72Al0.28N/AlN superlattices with AlN(0001) templates on Al2O3(0001) substrates was …


Tailored Fano resonance and localized electromagnetic field enhancement in Ag gratings


Zhaozhu Li, J. Michael Klopf, Lei Wang et al.


Metallic gratings can support Fano resonances when illuminated with EM radiation, and their characteristic reflectivity versus incident angle lineshape can be greatly affected by …


Rare-metal-free high-performance Ga-Sn-O thin film transistor


Tokiyoshi Matsuda, Kenta Umeda, Yuta Kato et al.


Oxide semiconductors have been investigated as channel layers for thin film transistors (TFTs) which enable next-generation devices such as high-resolution liquid crystal …


Transparent Memory For Harsh Electronics


C. H. Ho, J. R. Durán Retamal, P. K. Yang et al.


As a new class of non-volatile memory, resistive random access memory (RRAM) offers not only superior electronic characteristics, but also advanced functionalities, such as …


Fast selective homogeneous extraction of UO22+ with carboxyl-functionalised task-specific ionic liquids


Yinyong Ao, Jian Chen, Min Xu et al.


The carboxyl-functionalised task-specific ionic liquid of 1-carboxymethyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethyl-sulfonyl)imide ([HOOCmim][NTf2]) was used as solvent and …


Dramatic Changes in Thermoelectric Power of Germanium under Pressure: Printing n–p Junctions by Applied Stress


Igor V. Korobeinikov, Natalia V. Morozova, Vladimir V. Shchennikov et al.


Controlled tuning the electrical, optical, magnetic, mechanical and other characteristics of the leading semiconducting materials is one of the primary technological challenges. …


Abseq: Ultrahigh-throughput single cell protein profiling with droplet microfluidic barcoding


Payam Shahi, Samuel C. Kim, John R. Haliburton et al.


Proteins are the primary effectors of cellular function, including cellular metabolism, structural dynamics, and information processing. However, quantitative characterization of …


Discovery of Cellulose Surface Layer Conformation by Nonlinear Vibrational Spectroscopy


Libing Zhang, Li Fu, Hong-fei Wang et al.


Significant questions remain in respect to cellulose’s structure and polymorphs, particularly the cellulose surface layers and the bulk crystalline core as well as the …


Expression and characterization of Pantoea CO dehydrogenase to utilize CO-containing industrial waste gas for expanding the versatility of CO dehydrogenase


Eun Sil Choi, Kyoungseon Min, Geun-Joong Kim et al.


Although aerobic CO dehydrogenases (CODHs) might be applicable in various fields, their practical applications have been hampered by low activity and no heterologous expression. …


Electrospun Nb-doped TiO2 nanofiber support for Pt nanoparticles with high electrocatalytic activity and durability


MinJoong Kim, ChoRong Kwon, KwangSup Eom et al.


This study explores a facile method to prepare an efficient and durable support for Pt catalyst of polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (PEMFC). As a candidate, Nb-doped TiO2


In situ self-assembly of gold nanoparticles on hydrophilic and hydrophobic substrates for influenza virus-sensing platform


Syed Rahin Ahmed, Jeonghyo Kim, Van Tan Tran et al.


Nanomaterials without chemical linkers or physical interactions that reside on a two-dimensional surface are attractive because of their electronic, optical and catalytic …


Continuous-flow DNP polarizer for MRI applications at 1.5 T


V. Denysenkov, M. Terekhov, R. Maeder et al.


Here we describe a new hyperpolarization approach for magnetic resonance imaging applications at 1.5 T. Proton signal enhancements of more than 20 were achieved with a newly …


SEDA: A software package for the Statistical Earthquake Data Analysis


A. M. Lombardi


In this paper, the first version of the software SEDA (SEDAv1.0), designed to help seismologists statistically analyze earthquake data, is presented. The package consists of a …


Mapping cell surface adhesion by rotation tracking and adhesion footprinting


Isaac T. S. Li, Taekjip Ha, Yann R. Chemla


Rolling adhesion, in which cells passively roll along surfaces under shear flow, is a critical process involved in inflammatory responses and cancer metastasis. Surface adhesion …

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