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donderdag 4 januari 2018

Nature Climate Change Contents: January 2018 Volume 8 Number 1

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Nature Climate Change
TABLE OF CONTENTS

January 2018 Volume 8, Issue 1

Editorial
Comment
Research Highlights
News & Views
Perspectives
Letters
Articles
 
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An open access, online-only journal providing researchers, policy makers and the public with the latest research on weather and climate, focusing on topics including climate dynamics, climate variability, weather and climate prediction, climate change, weather extremes, atmospheric composition including aerosols, the hydrological cycle and atmosphere-ocean interactions, npj Climate and Atmospheric Science has now published its first articles.
 
 

Editorial

 

The price of fast fashion    p1
doi:10.1038/s41558-017-0058-9

Comment

 

Principles to guide investment towards a stable climate    pp2 - 4
Richard J. Millar, Cameron Hepburn, John Beddington & Myles R. Allen
doi:10.1038/s41558-017-0042-4

Using the adaptive cycle in climate-risk insurance to design resilient futures    pp4 - 7
R. Cremades, S. Surminski, M. Máñez Costa, P. Hudson, P. Shrivastava et al.
doi:10.1038/s41558-017-0044-2

How to spend a dwindling greenhouse gas budget    pp7 - 10
Michael Obersteiner, Johannes Bednar, Fabian Wagner, Thomas Gasser, Philippe Ciais et al.
doi:10.1038/s41558-017-0045-1

A sensible climate solution for the boreal forest    pp11 - 12
Rasmus Astrup, Pierre Y. Bernier, Hélène Genet, David A. Lutz & Ryan M. Bright
doi:10.1038/s41558-017-0043-3

Research Highlights

 

Ethnocentrism as a defence    p13
Jenn Richler
doi:10.1038/s41558-017-0047-z

Arctic storms    p13
Graham Simpkins
doi:10.1038/s41558-017-0050-4

Business as usual    p13
Adam Yeeles
doi:10.1038/s41558-017-0051-3

African tropical forest carbon    p13
Alastair Brown
doi:10.1038/s41558-017-0052-2

News & Views

 

Accounting for the human factor    pp14 - 15
Jonathan M. Gilligan
doi:10.1038/s41558-017-0038-0

The health of Antarctic ice shelves    pp15 - 16
Olivier Gagliardini
doi:10.1038/s41558-017-0037-1

Cold wind warms Southern Ocean    pp16 - 18
Katsuro Katsumata
doi:10.1038/s41558-017-0046-0

Looking to nature for solutions    pp18 - 19
Will R. Turner
doi:10.1038/s41558-017-0048-y

Photosynthesis in high definition    pp20 - 21
Timothy W. Hilton
doi:10.1038/s41558-017-0040-6

Nature Climate Change
JOBS of the week
DIRECTOR (D-1)
United Nations University (UNU)
Associate / Assistant Professor
University of Miami
Assistant Professor Magnetic Resonance
Wageningen UR (University & Research)
Assistant or Associate Professor in Geovisualization
University of Michigan, School for Environment and Sustainability (SEAS)
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Nature Climate Change
EVENT
Conference on Global Climate (CGC 2018)
23.03.18
Guilin, China
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Perspectives

 

Understanding and managing trust at the climate science–policy interface    pp22 - 28
Justine Lacey, Mark Howden, Christopher Cvitanovic & R. M. Colvin
doi:10.1038/s41558-017-0010-z

Effective integration of climate knowledge into policy requires trust between climate science producers and users. This Perspective identifies risks associated with the dynamics of trust at the climate science–policy interface and how they may be overcome.

 

From Pinot to Xinomavro in the world's future wine-growing regions    pp29 - 37
E. M. Wolkovich, I. García de Cortázar-Atauri, I. Morales-Castilla et al.
doi:10.1038/s41558-017-0016-6

Some of the predicted impacts of climate change on crops may be avoided by exploiting existing crop diversity. This Perspective examines this possibility for wine grapes where about 1% of diversity accounts for more than 80% of cultivated areas in some countries.

 

Letters

 

Global variation in the cost of increasing ecosystem carbon    pp38 - 42
Markku Larjavaara, Markku Kanninen, Harold Gordillo, Joni Koskinen, Markus Kukkonen et al.
doi:10.1038/s41558-017-0015-7

The cost of preserving ecosystem storage of carbon varies depending on local land-use and socio-political pressures. A survey of experts suggests a cost-minimizing distribution would be more effective for mitigation than equitable distribution.

 

Elevated increases in human-perceived temperature under climate warming    pp43 - 47
Jianfeng Li, Yongqin David Chen, Thian Yew Gan & Ngar-Cheung Lau
doi:10.1038/s41558-017-0036-2

Apparent temperature, the perceived temperature from air temperature, humidity and wind combined, is projected to increase faster than air temperature. Thermal discomfort will see greater increases in summertime, outweighing wintertime decreases.

 

Changes in Greenland's peripheral glaciers linked to the North Atlantic Oscillation    pp48 - 52
A. A. Bjørk, S. Aagaard, A. Lütt, S. A. Khan, J. E. Box et al.
doi:10.1038/s41558-017-0029-1

Combining historical aerial surveys, expedition photographs, and both spy and modern satellite imagery reveals a pronounced retreat of peripheral glaciers in east and west Greenland, linked to changes in precipitation associated with the NAO.

 

The far reach of ice-shelf thinning in Antarctica    pp53 - 57
R. Reese, G. H. Gudmundsson, A. Levermann & R. Winkelmann
doi:10.1038/s41558-017-0020-x

Ice loss from Antarctica is sensitive to changes in ice shelves. Finite-element modelling reveals that localized ice-shelf thinning, particularly in locations vulnerable to warm water intrusion, can have far-reaching impacts via tele-buttressing.

 

Recent wind-driven change in Subantarctic Mode Water and its impact on ocean heat storage    pp58 - 63
Libao Gao, Stephen R. Rintoul & Weidong Yu
doi:10.1038/s41558-017-0022-8

The subduction of Subantarctic Mode Water (SAMW) moves heat into the upper ocean. Changes in wind forcing has thickened, deepened and warmed SAMW; increases in wind forcing could further deepen this water mass, increasing ocean heat content.

 

Inverse relationship between present-day tropical precipitation and its sensitivity to greenhouse warming    pp64 - 69

doi:10.1038/s41558-017-0033-5

A present-day bias identified in climate projections means that future tropical rainfall may be underestimated. This bias can be addressed by constraining projections with observations.

 

Keeping global warming within 1.5 °C constrains emergence of aridification    pp70 - 74
Chang-Eui Park, Su-Jong Jeong, Manoj Joshi, Timothy J. Osborn, Chang-Hoi Ho et al.
doi:10.1038/s41558-017-0034-4

Arid regions are projected to expand in the future. An ensemble of climate model simulations reveals that limiting anthropogenic warming to 1.5 °C instead of 2 °C can markedly reduce the area undergoing, and thus the population exposed to, aridification.

 

Reduced feeding activity of soil detritivores under warmer and drier conditions    pp75 - 78
Madhav P. Thakur, Peter B. Reich, Sarah E. Hobbie, Artur Stefanski, Roy Rich et al.
doi:10.1038/s41558-017-0032-6

Climate change is predicted to increase soil carbon losses. However, manipulation experiments suggest detritivore feeding activity — a key driver of organic matter decomposition — will decline with warming and drying, reducing positive soil feedbacks.

 

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Articles

 

Linking models of human behaviour and climate alters projected climate change    pp79 - 84
Brian Beckage, Louis J. Gross, Katherine Lacasse, Eric Carr, Sara S. Metcalf et al.
doi:10.1038/s41558-017-0031-7

Human behaviour is an important driver of emissions. A system-dynamics model that couples a psychological model of behaviour with a model of emissions and climate change shows that behaviour can influence global temperature in the year 2100 by up to 1.5 °C.

 

Incentives for small clubs of Arctic countries to limit black carbon and methane emissions    pp85 - 90
Stine Aakre, Steffen Kallbekken, Rita Van Dingenen & David G. Victor
doi:10.1038/s41558-017-0030-8

Global cooperation is required to address climate change. In the Arctic region, the abatement of black carbon can be achieved by countries taking self-interested action, whereas methane abatement requires more cooperation due to its diffuse geographical impacts.

 

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