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woensdag 29 november 2017

The Lancet: [Corrections] Corrections

[Corrections] Corrections
Hermans LE, Moorhouse M, Carmona S, et al. Effect of HIV-1 low-level viraemia during antiretroviral therapy on treatment outcomes in WHO-guided South African treatment programmes: a multicentre cohort study. Lancet Infect Dis 2017; published online Nov 17. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1473-3099(17)30681-3—In figure 3, part D, the line showing virological suppression below 50 copies per mL was omitted. The figure has been corrected. This correction has been made to the online version as of Nov 24, 2017.
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[Articles] Resurgence of scarlet fever in England, 2014–16: a population-based surveillance study
England is experiencing an unprecedented rise in scarlet fever with the highest incidence for nearly 50 years. Reasons for this escalation are unclear and identifying these remains a public health priority.
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[Comment] Scarlet fever makes a comeback
Epidemic scarlet fever or scarlatina caused by Streptococcus pyogenes (group A streptococcus) resulted in significant mortality and morbidity in the 19th and early 20th centuries, then receded as a major public health problem before the introduction of widespread antibiotic use.1–3 Although sporadic cases of scarlet fever continue to occur, these episodes are not associated with the high mortality that has been previously documented during epidemics. Characteristic symptoms of scarlet fever that aid in diagnosis include a finely papular erythematous red rash, so-called strawberry tongue, and exudative pharyngitis.
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[Comment] Why the antibiotic resistance crisis requires a One Health approach
The alarming levels of antibiotic resistance among bacterial pathogens is one of the largest health threats of this century.1 Although originally considered a problem of human health, containment of antimicrobial resistance requires a multisectorial approach involving experts in human, animal, and environmental health.
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[Articles] Early transmissible ampicillin resistance in zoonotic Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium in the late 1950s: a retrospective, whole-genome sequencing study
The association between antibiotic use and selection of resistance determinants is not as direct as often presumed. Our results suggest that the non-clinical use of narrow-spectrum penicillins (eg, benzylpenicillin) might have favoured the diffusion of plasmids carrying the blaTEM-1 gene in S enterica serotype Typhimurium in the late 1950s.
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