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donderdag 2 november 2017

The Lancet: [Corrections] Corrections

[Corrections] Corrections
Blok DJ, de Vlas SJ, Richardus JH. Finding undiagnosed leprosy cases. Lancet Infect Dis 2016; 16: 1113— In this Correspondence, incorrect colours had been used to label 'Undiagnosed' and 'Diagnosed' in the key of the figure. Additionally, the data on the x-axis should have started at 1991 and ended at 2040. These corrections have been made to the online version as of October 26, 2017.
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[Review] Genetics of human susceptibility to active and latent tuberculosis: present knowledge and future perspectives
Tuberculosis is an ancient human disease, estimated to have originated and evolved over thousands of years alongside modern human populations. Despite considerable advances in disease control, tuberculosis remains one of the world's deadliest communicable diseases with 10 million incident cases and 1·8 million deaths in 2015 alone based on the annual WHO report, due to inadequate health service resources in less-developed regions of the world, and exacerbated by the HIV/AIDS pandemic and emergence of multidrug-resistant strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
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[Review] Comparative pathogenesis of rabies in bats and carnivores, and implications for spillover to humans
Bat-acquired rabies is becoming increasingly common, and its diagnosis could be missed partly because its clinical presentation differs from that of dog-acquired rabies. We reviewed the scientific literature to compare the pathogenesis of rabies in bats and carnivores—including dogs—and related this pathogenesis to differences in the clinical presentation of bat-acquired and dog-acquired rabies in human beings. For bat-acquired rabies, we found that the histological site of exposure is usually limited to the skin, the anatomical site of exposure is more commonly the face, and the virus might be more adapted for entry via the skin than for dog-acquired rabies.
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[Review] Effectiveness of national and subnational infection prevention and control interventions in high-income and upper-middle-income countries: a systematic review
Evidence-based guidance for national infection prevention and control (IPC) programmes is needed to support national and global capacity building to reduce health-care-associated infection and antimicrobial resistance. In this systematic review we investigate evidence on the effectiveness of IPC interventions implemented at national or subnational levels to inform the development of WHO guidelines on the core components of national IPC programmes. We searched CENTRAL, CINAHL, Embase, MEDLINE, and WHO IRIS databases for publications between Jan 1, 2000, and April 19, 2017.
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[Correspondence] Emergence of carbapenem-resistant hypervirulent Klebsiella pneumoniae
Danxia Gu and colleagues1 reported a fatal outbreak of ventilator-associated pneumonia caused by ST11 carbapenem-resistant hypervirulent Klebsiella pneumoniae (ST11 CR-HvKP) strains at the Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University (Hangzhou, China) in 2016. This signals an alarming evolutionary event—the convergence of plasmid-mediated multidrug resistance and hypervirulence in an epidemic carbapenem-resistant K pneumoniae (CRKP) clone—presenting a considerable challenge for infection control.
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